Old clan age
It is said that mountains of YAKUSHIMA are made Ryozen for the native
of the island, YAKUSUGI that soars there is worshiped as a sacred
tree, and there was no deforested one.
It became about the 17th century, and SATSUMAHAN that ruled YAKUSHIMA
paid attention from a purpose such as fiscal to the resource of
YAKUSUGI and began deforesting at that time also making a suggestion
of the Confucianism person of the YAKUSHIMA coming from.
As for SATSUMAHAN, the YAKUSHIMA magistrate was left to attempt the
woods politics of YAKUSUGI, the YAKUSHIMA magistrate was left
furthermore instead of the magistrate, and generalization ruled the
industrial economy of the island. About YAKUSUGI, all processes from
deforestation to carrying out were severely restricted, Hiraki was done
in first, and a kind of monopoly system was set up as the exchange with
rice etc. etc.
The one that it was possible to use it as Hiraki was deforested at
that time, and the surplus material what it was not possible to use
it as Hiraki even if it deforested it the tree was removed, the
person shouldered, and had put out to Banki and after it had used it
was left in the mountain. (It is called Tstitstiki now and uses it
for the YAKUSUGI craft goods etc.)
The distribution of a natural Japan cedar of YAKUSHIMA is 600 in
Table m or more, and it extends from the one with a small stump of
the cryptomeria deforested at that time to the big one to the entire
island and it is seen in the forest up to above sea level about 1400m.
Moreover, is it 300 years in such a forest?It is said that this is
because the cryptomeria of less than the 500th grader with a good
feature was deforested at that time though the cryptomeria of the 800
th grader is hardly seen. It can be said that a famous big tree
including the Jomon Japan cedar was able to survive because at that
time, it was not for Hiraki if it modifies one's views now.
SATSUMAHAN deforested a lot of cryptomerias of YAKUSHIMA during the
remainder. Afterwards, the greater part of the forest of YAKUSHIMA
will be incorporated into national forest.
From Meiji Restoration to prewar days
After Meiji Restoration, the forest of the Shimazu clan ownership
will be managed as national forest.
However, the lawsuit of tears under national forest was brought from
the native of the island of whom the objection who was the land
government and the people having division in 1904. As many as 17
years of the ownership of land and the trials that reached were
concluded in 1920, and the country won the case.
The country showed "Outline of the YAKUSHIMA national forest
management", so-called "YAKUSHIMA constitution", in 1921 next year,
started the organization of the first enforcement idea, and settled
on in 1923. This becomes a start of management as national forest.
At this time, the consignment woods is set to a mountain near the
Then, it was assumed that the yak cryptomeria virgin forest was
permanently preserved, set the woods of the protection of the science
reference of 4200ha, and the protection of the yak cryptomeria was
started positively while the use development of the yak cryptomeria
was both advanced.
The following national forest has been managed for the development of
the region by the establishment of starting work of the transfer, the
bargain sale of the fuel material, and the local and time of
surroundings roads etc. while considering the YAKUSHIMA constitution
enough. The life tree used only the stump and Tstitstiki as Kinki,
and it went about the yak cryptomeria around the use of KOSUGI.
Substance of YAKUSHIMA constitution
１、Attempt the profit of local as a consignment woods about about 7000 chos of the
part of the island in the surrounding in mountains.
２、Consider the local's starting work when you afforest it.
３、Allot cost to the road, especially the establishment of the road of the island
in the surrounding.
It was burnt down soon in the war after the war, the wood demand
increased for destroyed house building and building rebuilding, the
idea of valuing the material production for YAKUSHIMA was taken, and
the majority of interior Gaku was incorporated into the object region
of the forest development in 1951.
The decision of the plan of the YAKUSHIMA forestry development in 1960,
and it is along the policy of the productive capacity reinforcement,
and all are ..cutting.. as for the natural forest, and it has
advanced to the man-made forest mostly in the converted direction.
Ki man-made forest enforcement of every one
Everyone almost plants the cryptomeria from the cryptomeria suitable
on ..cutting.. site in YAKUSHIMA. The cryptomeria seedling is planted
considering the forest ecosystem now though the seedling outside the
island was planted from the lack of the seedling partially for a
certain period of time after the war.
It became about 1970 years, the protest campaign by the nature
conservation movement started for the natural forest deforestation of
YAKUSHIMA, and it became the serious one to conflict about the lumber
industry and the forestry engaging person.
Afterwards, various measures for the protection of the natural forest
in which it centered on the yak cryptomeria like enhancing the
national park district, the expansion of the protection woods, and
the setting of the forest ecosystem protection region, etc. were
YAKUSHIMA Forest environmental preservation center issue
» Travel plans to Yakushima
This site is a little charm of Yakushima clearly able to introduce a lot of people
Yakushima and the nature of animals, and wild flowers to blossom in the mind heals.
Please, please be slow.
The travel plans are available, please.
The site is free link.
Flat tree and YAKUSHIMA's Currency
To make the finance of HAN Yutaka when SHIMAZUHAN puts YAKUSHIMA, the tax
will be put. There was servitude that the land tax paid according to the
area of the field and the residence ,in a word, present property tax and
the adult male paid by labor. It was made to pay with FLAT TREE made from
YAKUSUGI thinking that it was advantageous to make it pay by the one that
making it few the rice field, and pay by rice in YAKUSHIMA is not in
another place on economy. Three bunches roughly though Tosha, the poor,
and there were some differences though it is an amount of the land tax
paid to one time?It is thought that they were four bunches. By the way,
the size of one bunch is estimated to be as many as FLAT TREE 100 piece.